De ce a decăzut Facebook

Dacă vreți să citiți un articol bun azi care explică de ce cam toate rețelele de socializare care erau utile la început pentru utilizatori au devenit o mizerie, citiți Tiktok’s enshittification. Varianta pe scurt e că la început platformele astea online prin care comunicăm sunt utile pentru utilizatori, pentru a îi atrage.

După ce ne fac dependenți de ele devin utile pentru afaceri, branduri, cărora le vând publicitate, pentru a face bani. În final, platformele ajung să exploateze și firmele, cresc tot mai mult sumele cerute pentru reclame, scad engagementul organic, iar brandurile devin dependende de ele pentru trafic și vânzări.

La final platformele decad, deoarece nu mai sunt utile nici utilizatorilor, nici business-urilor, costurile devin prea mari, iar utilitatea nu mai există.

Here is how platforms die: first, they are good to their users; then they abuse their users to make things better for their business customers; finally, they abuse those business customers to claw back all the value for themselves. Then, they die.

I call this enshittification, and it is a seemingly inevitable consequence arising from the combination of the ease of changing how a platform allocates value, combined with the nature of a “two sided market,” where a platform sits between buyers and sellers, hold each hostage to the other, raking off an ever-larger share of the value that passes between them.

Facebook de exemplu. Toți ne plângem că a devenit o mizerie, acum știți de ce:

This shell-game with surpluses is what happened to Facebook. First, Facebook was good to you: it showed you the things the people you loved and cared about had to say. This created a kind of mutual hostage-taking: once a critical mass of people you cared about were on Facebook, it became effectively impossible to leave, because you’d have to convince all of them to leave too, and agree on where to go. You may love your friends, but half the time you can’t agree on what movie to see and where to go for dinner. Forget it.

Then, it started to cram your feed full of posts from accounts you didn’t follow. At first, it was media companies, who Facebook preferentially crammed down its users’ throats so that they would click on articles and send traffic to newspapers, magazines and blogs.

Then, once those publications were dependent on Facebook for their traffic, it dialed down their traffic. First, it choked off traffic to publications that used Facebook to run excerpts with links to their own sites, as a way of driving publications into supplying fulltext feeds inside Facebook’s walled garden.

This made publications truly dependent on Facebook – their readers no longer visited the publications’ websites, they just tuned into them on Facebook. The publications were hostage to those readers, who were hostage to each other. Facebook stopped showing readers the articles publications ran, tuning The Algorithm to suppress posts from publications unless they paid to “boost” their articles to the readers who had explicitly subscribed to them and asked Facebook to put them in their feeds.

Now, Facebook started to cram more ads into the feed, mixing payola from people you wanted to hear from with payola from strangers who wanted to commandeer your eyeballs. It gave those advertisers a great deal, charging a pittance to target their ads based on the dossiers of nonconsensually harvested personal data they’d stolen from you.

Sellers became dependent on Facebook, too, unable to carry on business without access to those targeted pitches. That was Facebook’s cue to jack up ad prices, stop worrying so much about ad fraud…

Today, Facebook is terminally enshittified, a terrible place to be whether you’re a user, a media company, or an advertiser….

TikTok e încă la nivelul în care încearcă să maximizeze utilitatea pentru utilizatori și companii, dar cum va continua știm deja:

Tiktok is many different things, including “a free Adobe Premiere for teenagers that live on their phones.”

But what made it such a success early on was the power of its recommendation system. From the start, Tiktok was really, really good at recommending things to its users. Eerily good:

By making good-faith recommendations of things it thought its users would like, Tiktok built a mass audience, larger than many thought possible, given the death grip of its competitors, like Youtube and Instagram. Now that Tiktok has the audience, it is consolidating its gains and seeking to lure away the media companies and creators who are still stubbornly attached to Youtube and Insta.

Yesterday, Forbes’s Emily Baker-White broke a fantastic story about how that actually works inside of Bytedance, Tiktok’s parent company, citing multiple internal sources, revealing the existence of a “heating tool” that Tiktok employees use push videos from select accounts into millions of viewers’ feeds:

These videos go into Tiktok users’ ForYou feeds, which Tiktok misleadingly describes as being populated by videos “ranked by an algorithm that predicts your interests based on your behavior in the app.” In reality, For You is only sometimes composed of videos that Tiktok thinks will add value to your experience – the rest of the time, it’s full of videos that Tiktok has inserted in order to make creators think that Tiktok is a great place to reach an audience.

“Sources told Forbes that TikTok has often used heating to court influencers and brands, enticing them into partnerships by inflating their videos’ view count. This suggests that heating has potentially benefitted some influencers and brands — those with whom TikTok has sought business relationships — at the expense of others with whom it has not.”

In other words, Tiktok is handing out giant teddy bears.

But Tiktok is not in the business of giving away giant teddy bears. Tiktok, for all that its origins are in the quasi-capitalist Chinese economy, is just another paperclip-maximizing artificial colony organism that treats human beings as inconvenient gut flora. Tiktok is only going to funnel free attention to the people it wants to entrap until they are entrapped, then it will withdraw that attention and begin to monetize it.


5 Comentarii

  1. Mie algoritmul TikTok mi s-a părut o idee greșit încă de la bun început, de aceea nu îl folosesc. Mă chinuiam pur și simplu să îl fac să fie util, urmărind oameni care postau conținut util dar ce să vezi.. la 3-4 clipuri, se trezea să îmi sugereze câte o prostie și oricât de mult îi spuneam că nu vreau asta, ignora complet.

  2. Facebook e o mizerie fara de care as putea trai. Pagina mea fb ptr blog e la pamant, insa pe pagina fb de la munca se mai misca ceva view-uri si uneori, dupa ce bagam cate €50-€100 euro, primim cateva vizite in magazin si se genereaza si vanzari. Am vandut aparat de presiune cu apa cu €5000 unui client care a vazut reclama pe facebook. Iar altii care au venit si au cumparat alte chestii au ramas clienti in continuare. Win-win, dar mai mult ptr noi. Stiu ca au venit in magazinul nostru fizic via facebook pentru ca ii intreb de unde stiu de noi. Fac asta cu aproape fiecare client nou pe care il introduc in sistem. Clienti = firme, rar vindem la particulari.
    Practic, facebook inca e forta daca bagi bani.
    Tiktok nu am, nu folosesc. Instagram folosesc, dar mai mult sa vad ce poze mai bune invatatoarea de la scoala. Asa il urmaresc pe fii-miu ce face pe acolo si cum se poarta :)).

    • Facebook încă e ok pentru notorietate, trafic relativ ieftin, promovarea afacerilor locale, la conversii pe ecommerce au crescut mult costurile, dar încă pot fi ok dacă ai suficiente comenzi pentru a crea lookalike audiences similare clienților actuali. Google shopping merge bine, dacă ai produse cu vânzare la nivel național la prețuri accesibile.

Lasă un comentariu

Adresa ta de email nu va fi publicată. Câmpurile obligatorii sunt marcate cu *